Self-driving autonomous cars are hyped by the media, however, Kelley Blue Book’s study finds that Americans are most comfortable with the vehicles currently on the road today, believing that they are significantly safer than models with a higher level of autonomy.
Kelley Blue Book commissioned the study to understand current consumer perceptions and misconceptions of autonomous vehicles overall and by each level of autonomy.
The survey, conducted by market research firm Vital Findings, found that consumers are torn between the need for safety and the desire for control, with 51 percent of respondents replying that they prefer to have full control of their vehicle, even if it’s not as safe for other drivers, while 49 percent prefer to have a safer roadway for all, even if that means they have less control over their own vehicle.
There are six levels of vehicle autonomy identified by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), from Level 0 (human-only control) to Level 5 (no human driver).
- According to the survey, awareness of the higher levels of vehicle autonomy is limited, with six out of 10 respondents admitting that they know little or nothing about autonomous vehicles.
- For half of the survey respondents, the perception of safety and personal comfort with autonomous technology diminished as the level of autonomy increased.
- When survey respondents were asked to make a choice between the different levels, Level 4 autonomy hits the “sweet spot” by providing all the benefits of full vehicle autonomy without stripping away the option of driver control.
- This isn’t surprising, considering 80 percent of respondents believe that people should always have the option to drive themselves, and 64 percent prefer to be in control of their vehicles.
- In fact, most consumers (62 percent) do not think they will live to see a world where all vehicles are fully autonomous.
Kids are Ready for Self-Driving: Gen Z
However, not all Americans are hesitant about the technological future of their automobiles. Respondents in the tech-savvy pre-driving Gen Z (12-15 years old) age range are ready to get on board with autonomy and consider themselves the most educated about autonomous vehicles. The majority (67 percent) of pre-driving Gen Z respondents believe they will see fully autonomous vehicles in their lifetime. Forty-three percent of pre-driving Gen Z respondents report that they know a lot about autonomous vehicles compared to only 1 percent of Baby Boomers (51-64 years old).
Pre-driving Gen Z are the most comfortable (73 percent) and feel the safest (79 percent) among all age groups with the highest level, Level 5 full vehicle autonomy (without human input). Older Millennials (25-34 years old), who have actual purchasing power today, are not far behind, at 44 percent and 61 percent, respectively.
Luxury Owners Are More Aware
A majority of current luxury vehicle owners also report more awareness of the higher levels of autonomy, particularly Level 5 (60 percent, compared to 39 percent for the remainder of the surveyed group). Level 4 autonomy and Level 5 autonomy are almost equally appealing to luxury vehicle owners (26 percent and 25 percent, respectively), while non-luxury vehicle owners showed the highest interest in Level 4 (30 percent).
A majority of Americans (63 percent) believe that roadways would be safer if autonomous vehicles were standard; however, 37 percent think that roadways are safer with vehicles operated by people. In addition, 60 percent of respondents would share their vehicle information for more efficient roadways, while 40 percent prefer to keep their information private.
Share the Autonomous Ride
Americans lean more toward human drivers rather than self-driving vehicles when ride sharing, with more than half (56 percent) reporting that they would prefer to use services such as taxis, Uber or Lyft with human drivers, in contrast to 44 percent who report that they would prefer to use these same services with self-driving vehicles. However, among current ride-sharing users, a little more than half (51 percent) prefer an autonomously driven vehicle, while just under half (49 percent) prefer to ride in a human-operated vehicle. Ride-share users are significantly more comfortable letting a vehicle drive them without their control (44 percent) versus non-ride-share users (34 percent). With ride-sharing users also more knowledgeable about self-driving vehicles (32 percent know a lot, versus 8 percent of non ride-sharers), they feel significantly more comfortable with the technology at Level 4 and Level 5 fully autonomous vehicles, and feel that autonomous vehicles are safer, than respondents that don’t ride-share.
Test Drives of Self-driving Wanted
Early adopters are convinced by experiencing the autonomous technology for themselves. Those with first-hand experience develop higher opinions of safety and comfort toward Level 5 vehicles and are the most excited to purchase them.
The Best of All Possible Worlds
On the road to autonomy, interest peaks at Level 4 as it offers the best of both worlds – a fully autonomous vehicle that still provides the option to drive. Level 3 autonomy falls short, with drivers feeling they can’t fully relax as they distrust the autonomous technology, while Level 5 autonomy is off-putting because it doesn’t offer the option to drive
If vehicles at all levels of autonomy were available by 2020, 59 percent of consumers would be likely to purchase a Level 3 or higher autonomous vehicle that is capable of driving itself for extended periods of time.
The national survey reveals the responses from more than 2,200 U.S. residents between the ages of 12-64 years old, weighted to Census figures by age, gender and ethnicity, and that have a variety of residential and ownership patterns.
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