Mobileye Intros Vision-based ISA
Mobileye has introduced the world’s first vision-only Intelligent Speed Assist (ISA) solution for automakers, following testing and certification across Europe. The camera-only solution, launching in production vehicles this year, helps global automakers meet new European U
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Mobileye Intros Vision-based ISA
Mobileye has introduced the world’s first vision-only Intelligent Speed Assist (ISA) solution for automakers, following testing and certification across Europe. The camera-only solution, launching in production vehicles this year, helps global automakers meet new European Union (EU) General Safety Regulation (GSR) standards requiring automatic sensing of speed limits in all new vehicle models, without the need to rely on third-party map and GPS data.
The new software, designed for Mobileye’s EyeQ platform, has been certified for use in all 27 EU countries as well as Israel, Norway, Switzerland, and Turkey. The EyeQ4 and EyeQ6-based ISA system allows OEMs whose vehicles already integrate these chips to meet the new standards merely by updating the EyeQ’s existing software, without any new hardware requirements.
The Mobileye ISA system is expected to be integrated by a major global auto group into two vehicle brands for models going on sale in Europe later this year, with three other global automakers following close behind in 2024 and beyond.
The certified solution, resulting from more than two years of work building on Mobileye’s two decades of experience in computer vision and machine learning, is the industry’s first of its kind. Current alternatives rely on a combination of cameras and low-resolution maps to meet the EU standards, a solution that typically brings higher cost with complexity and integration efforts, while providing less reliable performance.
Mobileye has developed several cutting-edge technologies that upgraded the legacy traffic sign recognition technology to meet GSR requirements, including:
- Traffic sign relevancy technology that identifies whether a speed sign is relevant to a specific lane,
- Signature-based classification that loads the ‘signature’ of a new traffic sign to the vehicle, even for new signs that were introduced after the vehicle’s manufacture,
- OCR-based city entrance identification for European-style signs,
- Advanced search engines that allow finding examples of rare signs in Mobileye’s huge clips database and integrate them into the system, and
- Road-type classifier that can work out the right speed, even when traffic signs are missing, by using different cues in the scene to detect the road type.
As of July 2024, all new passenger vehicles sold in the EU must meet specific GSR ISA requirements, as confirmed by rigorous testing, such as being able to detect static and dynamic message speed-limit signage across hundreds of signs, with thousands of country-specific variants, including both explicit and implicit signs, and in harsh weather and adverse lighting conditions. They must also understand temporary speed limits for construction, accidents, or other issues, often given by digital signage, and implicit speed limits such as city entrance.
Speeding contributes to one third of fatal vehicle crashes in EU Member States according to the European Road Safety Observatory, and experts say the new regulations could reduce collisions by as much as 30 percent, and fatalities by up to 20 percent. Under the new regulation, all systems will be required to let drivers know what speed limits are in effect either actively- in which a vehicle automatically slows down gently towards a posted limit–or passively, in which the ISA system alerts drivers when they exceed posted limits.
Six independent labs across five different European countries have tested and confirmed that Mobileye’s ISA software meets or exceeds the EU’s required standards, with additional testing and certification underway. In the future, Mobileye will continue advancing the system to ensure new sign recognition over the next 14 years per GSR certification requirements.
Samsng E-M to Produce Power Inductors
Samsung Electro-Mechanics will target the automotive power inductor market by beginning mass production of power inductors, an essential core component of electric and autonomous vehicles.
A car requires more than 100 power inductors, more than twice as many as a smartphone. The number of power inductor installations is expected to more than double by 2030 as the usage area expands to electric vehicles and autonomous driving.
Samsung Electro-Mechanics announced on July 16 that it is mass producing power inductors for electric vehicle cameras with autonomous driving systems. The power inductor provides stable power to semiconductors that process autonomous driving information by preventing sudden current changes. This is the first time Samsung Electro-Mechanics is mass-producing automotive power inductors.
Samsung Electro-Mechanics has developed two types of 2016 size (2.0 mm long and 1.6 mm wide) power inductors with capacities of 1.0 uH (microhenry) and 2.2 uH, respectively.
Samsung Electro-Mechanics’ power inductors are thin film products where thin coils are formed on the package substrates, which has the advantage of higher productivity and miniaturization than the wire wound type where the coils are wound on magnetic substances.
Samsung Electro-Mechanics independently developed magnetic substances with excellent properties and low losses based on the materials technology accumulated through MLCC, and applied the photo-resist technology (a method of engraving circuits using light) used in semiconductor package substrates to precisely form coils with minute spacing.
In addition, this product also meets AEC-Q200, an automotive electronic component reliability test standard that requires a high level of reliability, allowing it to be used in other applications such as ADAS and in-vehicle infotainment.
The power inductor market size is expected to reach approximately USD 3.65 billion by 2028, at a CAGR of approximately 9%. In particular, power inductors that can withstand high currents are required as the amount of current used continues to increase as the number of semiconductors installed inside vehicles increases and their performance improves. The market for automotive power inductors is expected to show high growth at a CAGR of about 12%.
Chang Duckhyun, CEO of Samsung Electro-Mechanics said, “Power inductors are expected to experience high growth as the market for autonomous driving and electric vehicles expands,” and added that, “Samsung Electro-Mechanics plans to develop power inductors into the ‘second MLCC’ based on our differentiated technology through the convergence of materials and package substrate technologies.”
VW Connects to myQ Garage Door Openers
Volkswagen vehicles with a software equipped touchscreen display now allow drivers to seamlessly connect their car to their home (i.e., the garage) with Chamberlain Group’s myQ Connected Garage. VW drivers with a myQ connected garage door opener, active myQ Connected Garage subscription, myVW mobile app, and enrollment in VW Car-Net will be able to easily add myQ Connected Garage to their vehicle’s touchscreen to easily control, secure and monitor their garage door from anywhere on the road.
Additionally, myQ Connected Garage enables customizable features including:
- Geofence technology that recognizes your vehicle’s location and automatically opens and closes your garage door. Drivers can set their preferred distance and watch as their garage opens when they pull in and/or close when they leave.
- Valet Mode, managed through the myVW app, lets you protect your home by locking out myQ Connect Garage features and personalized settings when someone else is driving your car.
“Consumers have indicated that controlling their garage door through the infotainment system is one of the most highly desired in-dash features, and now select VW drivers can experience that feature,” said Jim Trainor, Senior Vice President General Manager of Automotive for Chamberlain Group. Chamberlain Group has a 20+ year history within the automotive industry and is a global leader in access control solutions with its Chamberlain® and LiftMaster® garage door opener brands and myQ® smart technology.
myQ Connected Garage works with leading smart garage door openers on the market today including LiftMaster, Chamberlain and Craftsman. Most other brands of garage door openers can be easily upgraded to a compatible smart garage with a myQ Smart Garage Control device. It’s a cloud-based solution that does not require any hardware installation within the vehicle or manual programming. With a myQ account, all your garage doors will automatically be connected to your compatible VW when you link to your vehicle within the myVW app. Drivers can take myQ Connected Garage for a 45-day complimentary trial run – no credit card required.
myQ Connected Garage is available in select software equipped 2023 Arteon, Atlas, Atlas Cross Sport, Jetta, Taos and Tiguan vehicles. Drivers can use the myQ Compatibility Tool to determine if their garage door opener is compatible. If drivers do not have a myQ connect garage door opener, for a limited time, they can get a free Smart Garage Control (just pay $0.99 USD for handling) when they sign up for the myQ Connect Garage + VW 45-Day free trial through the myVW app.
My Connected Garage also works with myQ compatible gates, locks, and doors.
MeriTalk Talks OT
Within the last year, 66 percent of Department of Defense (DoD), commercial air, and commercial rail maintenance, operations, and IT teams experienced preventable downtime due to a lack of predictive maintenance, according to a new report from MeriTalk, a public-private partnership focused on improving the outcomes of government IT, and underwritten by Shift5, the observability platform for onboard operational technology (OT).
The report, “Redefining Operational Readiness: Enabling the Full Potential of Predictive Maintenance,” surveyed decision-makers and revealed that while the need for predictive maintenance in defense, commercial aviation, and commercial rail is urgent, legacy systems and tooling and a lack of access to real-time onboard data hold back desired adoption. Predictive maintenance allows the owners, operators, and maintainers responsible for transportation and defense fleets to monitor the condition of their fleets and identify issues before they impact safety, availability, or readiness.
To explore the barriers to operational readiness, MeriTalk surveyed 300 operations, maintenance, and IT leaders from DoD, commercial air, and commercial rail organizations. According to the report, 89 percent of leaders say their organization must improve its ability to predict and prevent equipment failure, yet just 46 percent have fully implemented at least one predictive maintenance solution.
Legacy OT infrastructure and/or systems and lack of appropriate data access and observability are among the top impediments to predictive maintenance adoption, according to leaders across all three industries. More than three quarters (77 percent) agreed that their organization’s current tooling fails to provide the onboard data access and observability needed for effective predictive maintenance. Further, two out of three said that when an issue arises, their organization struggles to determine if the root cause is a cyberattack or an equipment maintenance issue, indicating that the implementation of predictive maintenance could drive cybersecurity improvements as well. In addition, DoD leaders are nearly twice as likely as commercial rail leaders to say predictive maintenance will improve cybersecurity.
“Organizations need real-time knowledge of what’s happening onboard aircraft, locomotives, defense fleets, and weapons systems, at both the asset level and fleet scale,” said Egon Rinderer, chief technology officer, Shift5. “If you can’t access the data, you can’t achieve the observability that’s required for contextual insights and actionable analytics at the edge. This level of observability improves an organization’s ability to predict and prevent equipment failure and decrease downtime. For the DoD, effective predictive maintenance is critical for improving and maintaining mission readiness. In the commercial space, it’s essential for maximizing operational efficiencies, improving safety, and reducing maintenance costs.”
Operational readiness hinges on improving universal access, visualization, and exploration of onboard data. According to the report, defense, air, and rail leaders see a path forward for mission success. Defense, air, and rail leaders said they would like to see improved data access and availability to accelerate the implementation and expansion of predictive maintenance.
The report reveals expected outcomes of predictive maintenance implementation from DoD, commercial air, and commercial rail leaders, which include improved operational efficiency, optimized system availability and reliability, and improved customer and passenger safety.
The DoD Experience
- 73 percent said they’ve piloted at least one predictive maintenance application, but less than half feel well prepared to develop a comprehensive implementation plan, per a December 2022 Government Accountability Office recommendation1
- 73 percent feel the lack of predictive maintenance across the DoD directly correlates to a low platform readiness/availability or mission capable (MC) rate, and 62 percent said that downtime could have been prevented with the use of predictive maintenance
- DoD leaders expect a 35 percent increase in their department’s MC rate from the implementation of predictive maintenance
Alarm.com for Android Auto
Alarm.com announces it is one of the first smart home security platforms available on Android Auto to deliver a unified car-to-home user experience. Android™ customers now have a seamless connection to intelligent Alarm.com smart home and security controls right from the car display.
The simple interface helps drivers and passengers perform key smart home and security actions. With one tap, customers can activate Home and Away Scenes, remotely open and close the garage door, and receive real-time alerts on the vehicle display such as security events, arming reminders, and other location-based reminders.
“Alarm.com has long been focused on using smart home systems to provide seamless transitions when coming home or heading out. We’re pleased to pair our app expertise and the power of the full Alarm.com system together with Android Auto to further automate daily routines for our customers,” said Dan Kerzner, President, Platforms Business at Alarm.com. “Our Android Auto integration is the latest example of how we create a seamless user experience when synchronizing the security system with home automation technology, both inside and beyond the home.”
For example, drivers can simplify their evening routine by activating an Alarm.com Home Scene on the way home from work so the garage door opens, the security panel disarms, the entryway and kitchen lights turn on, the smart thermostat adjusts the temperature, the living room shades lower, and the music starts to play.
Android Auto is available in 46 countries and is supported in most car models that are 2018 or newer. Users must have an Android phone running 8 or higher and the Android Auto app.
Alarm.com-powered systems are professionally installed and monitored and are also available in select international markets. For more information on the broader Alarm.com ecosystem of products and services, visit https://alarm.com.
Phison Expands AI
Phison Electronics (8299 TT), a global leader in NAND controllers and storage solutions, announced today the expansion of its IMAGIN+ service to include AI computational models and AI services solutions. Phison’s aiDAPTIV+ utilizes Phison’s innovative integration of SSDs into the AI computing framework and expands NAND storage solutions in the AI application market.
Phison has been a global leader deeply engaged in NAND controller innovations for more than 23 years. In recent years, the company has developed and integrated AI and machine learning technologies into NAND controllers and algorithms in order to enhance the computational performance and reliability of the company’s NAND storage solutions.
Additionally, Phison has established a data science team, developed and deployed relevant AI technologies, and created a world-class validation laboratory. These efforts have accelerated the adoption of Phison’s storage solutions in various applications, including PCs, mobile phones, automobiles, gaming platforms, enterprise data center & edge applications, supply chain logistics, and more.
With the recent rise of large-scale generative AI models such as ChatGPT, the possibilities for artificial intelligence to assist both businesses and individuals in the future are significant. The rapid growth of AI models has also led to a significant increase in the hardware infrastructure cost associated with providing AI services.
The primary reason for increased costs is that current AI models run primarily on GPUs and DRAM. However, the growth rate of future AI models will far exceed the capacity that GPUs and DRAM can provide. According to a recent research report by Microsoft, the growth rate of AI models will soon be 200 times that of DRAM in GPU cards. In other words, the current hardware architecture for AI computing may already be insufficient to meet the future demands of AI applications.
To improve overall operational performance and efficiencies for AI hardware architecture, aiDAPTIV+ integrates SSDs into the AI computing framework. Based on the application timeline, aiDAPTIV+ structurally divides large-scale AI models and collaboratively runs the model parameters with SSD offload support. This approach maximizes the executable AI models within the limited GPU and DRAM resources, effectively reducing the hardware infrastructure cost required to provide AI services.
The initial application scenario for this technology is the world’s first mass-produced Artificial Intelligence-Automated Optical Inspection (aiDAPTIV+ AOI) system integrated with SSD cooperative computing. Phison’s aiDAPTIV+ AOI services accelerate the transition of Surface Mount Technology (SMT) factories into Industry 4.0 and improve detection accuracy while eliminating delays and costs associated with instability caused by human inspection.
Phison’s aiDAPTIV+ AOI service is applicable to various SMT product lines, including SSDs, graphics cards, DRAM, motherboards, and more. Approximately 10 SMT partners and customers have already successfully adopted the Phison aiDAPTIV+ AOI service, improving the accuracy of their existing AOI systems and reducing the escape rate caused by human errors to below 10 defective parts per million (DPPM), significantly increasing throughput rates to more than 99%.
Initial users are enthusiastic about the results they are seeing upon deployment.
“ADLINK and Phison have had many years of cooperation and synergy in the industrial storage application field, and recently, we have joined forces to expand into the AI application market,” said Ethan Chen, General Manager of Edge Computing Platforms BU at ADLINK Technology. “Phison has integrated AI mechanisms into the design of NAND controllers, enhancing product performance and reliability. Coupled with ADLINK’s next-generation NVIDIA Jetson Orin platform, ADLINK and Phison will be able to provide customers in the industrial and AI fields with more complete and reliable solutions. Currently, ADLINK’s edge AI inference platforms, DLAP-211-Orin Nano and DLAP-211-Orin NX, have become the first certified edge computing devices for Phison’s self-developed aiDAPTIV+ AOI automatic optical inspection system, and we will continue to expand our collaboration in the future.”
“Phison’s aiDAPTIV+ architecture integrates SSD technology in an innovative approach. This new structure can significantly reduce the cost of hardware deployment in specific AI applications. The aiDAPTIV+ AOI platform launched by Phison is a concrete result of this new architecture,” said Benny Lan, deputy general manager of Giga Computing. “Giga Computing is pleased to be the first partner with product certification for the aiDAPTIV+ AOI platform, which has been successfully deployed in many customers’ SMT production lines using GIGABYTE’s customized workstations and AMD GPUs, which were paired with aiDAPTIV+ computing architecture. This system improved the efficiency in detection of defects and greatly reduced possible human errors. Giga Computing and Phison will continue to expand cooperation in the field of AI applications.”
Dr. Wei Lin, Head of Phison’s AI R&D team and Assistant Professor at the College of Artificial Intelligence, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, said Phison’s core expertise and competitive advantage is in the development of NAND controllers. Expanding the connection between NAND storage and AI applications has been Phison’s focus in recent years. Phison’s AI R&D team has successfully integrated SSDs into a newly developed AI computing framework, which not only effectively reduces hardware infrastructure costs for AI servers but also enables the application of this aiDAPTIV+ computing architecture in various AI application scenarios.
The globally pioneering SSD-Boosted aiDAPTIV+ AOI optical inspection system announced today demonstrates Phison’s successful integration of SSDs and the creation of a new AI computing framework. Moving forward, Phison will continue to expand the development of aiDAPTIV+ technology and collaborate with partners from various fields to further foster the application of NAND storage in the AI domain. Through the Phison aiDAPTIV+ AOI, Phison aims to assist SMT partners and customers in improving production efficiency and reducing costs.
Phison will invite global ecosystem partners and customers to visit their cutting-edge NAND controllers at the Flash Memory Summit in the United States, which will take place from August 8th to August 10th in Pacific Time. The showcased solutions will include the world’s first PCIe 4.0 DRAM-Less client SSD controller PS5027-E27T that supports speeds of up to 3600MT/s for 3D NAND, the world’s first PCIe 5.0 DRAM-Less client SSD controller PS5031-E31T, as well as the live demo of Phison’s AI service solution, aiDAPTIVE+ AOI. Phison will engage in discussions with global partners and customers to further expand the market for NAND storage applications.
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[PHISON’s Quick Facts]
- Over 22 years experiences in NAND controller IC design and module integration.
- Over 3,800 employees globally, and more than 70% are engineers
- Nearly 2,000 memory-related patents globally.
- Target long-term revenue of NT$100 billion through the 5+5 growth strategy
- The global market share of SSD controller exceeds 20%
- NT$60.256B sales revenue in 2022.
- Confident that our unique business model can produce consistently strong cashflows and profits over the long-term amidst NAND memory market cycles.
- Strongly maintain long-term partnerships with our global NAND flash supply sources and with our downstream module customers.
Stellantis’ New Tech Coming Soon
Semiconductors are the linchpin to the performance, safety, and customer features of Stellantis vehicles and in the new state-of-the-art, BEV-centric STLA vehicle and technology platforms arriving soon. As the auto industry’s demand for semiconductors accelerates, Stellantis is implementing a multifaceted strategy designed to manage and secure the long-term supply of vital microchips. Developed by a cross-functional team, the strategy was created through a rigorous assessment of customer desires for advanced technology features and a keen focus on delivering the objectives laid out in the Stellantis Dare Forward 2030 plan.
The robust strategy, which is refined continuously, includes:
- implementation of a semiconductor database to provide full transparency on the semiconductor content;
- systematic risk assessment to avoid and proactively remove legacy parts;
- long-term chip level demand forecasting to support capacity securitization agreements with chip makers and Silicon Foundries;
- implementation and enforcement of a Green List to reduce chip diversity and – in case of future chip shortages – to put Stellantis in control of the allocation; and,
- the purchasing of mission-critical parts at chip makers including a long-term securitization of chip supply.
Stellantis has started to engage with strategic semiconductor providers like Infineon, NXP® Semiconductors, onsemi, and Qualcomm to further improve its all-new, state-of-the-art STLA platforms and technologies. In addition, Stellantis is working with aiMotive and SiliconAuto to develop its own differentiating semiconductors in the future.
“An effective semiconductor strategy requires a deep understanding of semiconductors and the semiconductor industry,” said Maxime Picat, Chief Purchasing and Supply Chain Officer at Stellantis. “We have hundreds of very different semiconductors in our cars. We have built a comprehensive ecosystem to mitigate the risk that one missing chip can stop our lines. At the same time, key vehicle capabilities directly depend on the innovation and performance of single devices. SiC MOSFETS extend the range of our electric vehicles while the computation performance of a leading-edge SoC is essential for the customer experience and safety.”
To date, Stellantis has entered into direct agreements for semiconductors with a purchasing value of more than €10 billion through 2030. The supply agreements cover a variety of vital microchips, including:
- Silicon Carbide (SiC) MOSFETS, which are fundamental to the range of EVs.
- Microcontroller Unit (MCU), a key part of the computing zones for the STLA Brain electrical architecture.
- System-on-a-chip (SoC), where performance is essential for the high-performance computing (HPC) units that deliver the in-vehicle infotainment and autonomous driving assist functions.
Semiconductors play key roles in the vehicles that are driving the Stellantis transformation into a sustainable mobility tech company, as outlined in Dare Forward 2030. This includes enabling features and functions in the BEV-native STLA global platforms (Small/Medium/Large/Frame) and the seamless connectivity, remote upgradability, and the flexible service-oriented electrical/electronic architecture that underpins the STLA Brain, STLA SmartCockpit, and STLA AutoDrive artificial intelligence-powered platforms.
Renesas Cyber Security Management ISO/SAE Cert
Renesas Electronics Corporation (TSE:6723), a premier supplier of advanced semiconductor solutions announced that its automotive Cyber Security Management System (CSMS) used for the development of microcontrollers (MCU) and system on chips (SoCs) has been defined and implemented according to International Standard ISO/SAE 21434:2021. The CSMS framework applies to Renesas’ design center in Musashi, Japan and has been certified by TÜV Rheinland Industrie Service GmbH according to the following.
- Automotive CS Management (TÜV Rheinland)
- ISO/SAE 21434 – Automotive Tier Supplier
- ACSM (Automotive Cyber Security Management) 112: ML2: Managed
The certification reaffirms Renesas’ commitment to customers and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) that Renesas will continue to meet its CSMS responsibilities and help car manufacturers obtain vehicle type approval as part of the recent UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) UNR155 regulation. As indicated in an earlier press release, all Renesas automotive MCUs and SoCs which were developed after January 1, 2022, will sequentially follow this certified ISO/SAE 21434:2021 CSMS development process. This includes the company’s 16-bit RL78 and 32-bit RH850 MCUs as well as its popular R-Car SoC Family.
“With this certification, validated by an independent third party, customers can have confidence that our management of the CSMS process is meeting the requirements defined by ISO/SAE 21434:2021,” said Takashi Yasumasu, Vice President of the HPC Core Technology Division at Renesas. “OEMs and Tier1 suppliers can simplify their vehicle type approval process by utilizing this independent third-party certification, instead of conducting their own audits of our process.”
Renesas has made significant contributions globally to the development of the ISO/SAE 21434:2021 standard. Renesas’ commitment and dedication to cybersecurity extend beyond the automotive industry. In 2019, Renesas was certified by TÜV Rheinland as compliant with the IEC 62443-4-1 standard, which specifies the process requirements for secure development of industrial products.
Renesas continues to develop safe and secure products for its customers. ISO/SAE21434:2021 certification is the latest addition to Renesas’ achievements, following the company’s long history of ISO 26262 compliance on automotive MCUs and SoCs. Customers can be confident that when using Renesas MCUs and SoCs for next-generation automotive systems, they are complying with international standards in product cybersecurity and functional safety.
EDR Fuels Infineon F-RAM
The evolving market for automotive event data recorders (EDR) is driving demand for specialized data-logging memory devices that instantly capture and reliably store critical data for decades. Infineon Technologies AG (FSE: IFX / OTCQX: IFNNY) introduced two new Ferroelectric RAM (F-RAM) memory devices in 1Mbit and 4Mbit densities to its EXCELON™ F-RAM family. The 1Mbit devices are the industry’s first automotive-qualified serial F-RAMs available .
The new devices, which are AEC-Q100 Grade 1 qualified and support an extended temperature range (-40°C to +125°C), complement a portfolio of automotive F-RAM products ranging from 4Kbit up to 16Mbit densities. These devices feature fast and highly reliable read/write performance at speeds up to 50 MHz in SPI mode and up to 108 MHz in Quad SPI (QSPI) mode, and an endurance of 10 trillion read/write cycles to support data logging at 10 microsecond intervals for over 20 years.
“Data logging requirements are growing rapidly in automotive systems, as trends toward broader use of electronic systems and industry regulations have encouraged the use of high-reliability non-volatile memories in airbag safety systems, along with engine control and battery management systems,” said Ramesh Chettuvetty, Vice President RAM Solutions at Infineon. “The Demand for memory densities tailored to specific use cases has grown as the number of applications requiring data logging have increased. Infineon is committed to providing our customers with the flexibility to meet the memory architecture requirements of any system design.”
The zero delay write capability of EXCELON F-RAM allows system data to be captured and recorded up to the last instant before an accident or other user-defined trigger event. Both of the new devices use the serial (SPI/QSPI) interface, have the exceptionally low power consumption characteristic of F-RAM, operate from 1.8 V to 3.6 V, and come in a standard 8-pin SOIC package. In addition to its exceptional endurance, Infineon’s F-RAM is also designed to retain data for more than 100 years after loss of power.