Consumer Watchdog called on President Obama to put a hold expected autonomous vehicle policies due to “an inappropriate and possibly unethical relationship between Google and key members of your administration involved in developing autonomous vehicle policy.”
In a letter to Obama, John M. Simpson, Consumer Watchdog’s Privacy Project director, wrote: “The new revelations make it even more imperative that any such NHTSA policy statements be delayed until adequate Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards covering autonomous technologies are implemented through a public rulemaking process.”
Consumer Watchdog said Obama must block NHTSA’s premature and danger autonomous vehicle guidelines. Only a formal rulemaking will adequately protect public safety, the group said. As NHTSA fully engages in a public process to promulgate rules, it must adhere to five principles, Consumer Watchdog said. They are:
1. No state pre-emption – Some of the best regulations covering self-driving cars are in states like California. For instance, companies testing self-driving cars in California must file reports of any crashes and an annual “disengagement report” detailing all the times that the self-driving technology failed. Any NHTSA policies must not pre-empt state law.
2. No underground regulations – NHTSA policies must not take the place of safety standards that are enacted through a formal rulemaking with full public involvement and transparency. Documents show officials handing over rulemaking to the Google without consulting neutral safety experts.
3. Enforceability – If an autonomous technology improves safety, it must be regulated through an enforceable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard that has been promulgated through a formal rulemaking process. Voluntary standards, such as the agreement NHTSA reached with the auto industry concerning automatic emergency braking, are not enforceable and do not adequately protect the public.
4. Transparency – Transparency is essential not only to the rulemaking process, but it must also be a requirement for manufacturers. Testing vehicles on public roads brings with it a responsibility for full disclosure. Self-driving car manufactures must make public the algorithms used to navigate their cars and any technical data when the self-driving technology fails.
5. No revolving door – Top NHTSA and Department of Transportation officials must pledge not to join the self-driving vehicle industry for at least seven years after leaving their positions as government regulators. Simpson notes that particularly troubling aspect of the Obama administration’s unjustified rush to deploy autonomous vehicles is the role that former NHTSA officials are playing in promoting robot cars, Consumer Watchdog said. Former NHTSA administrator David L. Strickland is counsel and spokesman for the Self-Driving Coalition for Safer Streets, comprised of Google, Lyft, Uber, Ford and Volvo. Three other former top NHTSA officials, including Ron Medford, now represent Google and its self-driving car program before their former colleagues.
The National Highway Safety Administration (NHTSA) is expected to release its new autonomous vehicle policy as early as Wednesday.
“Emails from 2011 through 2016 between Google employees and White House, NHTSA and Department of Transportation officials obtained by the Campaign for Accountability show Google used its influence in the Obama administration to push its vision for self-driving cars, enlisting White House officials and federal regulators to lobby state officials about rules that might have hindered the Internet giant’s business plans,” the letter said. “Instead of a transparent process involving all stakeholders your administration simply deferred to Google. At one point for example White House technology advisor R. David Edelman, simply sent an email asking Google to send its policy priorities for ‘us government types.’”
“Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx and NHTSA Administrator Mark R. Rosekind have apparently fallen victim to the hype of the developers of self-driving cars at the expense of public safety,” the letter said. “The newly released emails obtained by the Campaign for Accountability make clear exactly how Google methodically took control of developing your administration’s autonomous vehicle policy.”
In an effort to end the revolving door Consumer Watchdog has called on Secretary Foxx and Administrator Rosekind to pledge they will not work as an employee or consultant to developers of self-driving autonomous vehicles for at least seven years after leaving their respective positions.
“So far, there has been no response and we call on you, Mr. President, to demand that commitment to ethical behavior from your appointees,” the letter said and put forth, “Allowing the DOT and NHTSA to race ahead and issue untested, unenforceable, voluntary guidelines will only result in more unnecessary tragic injuries and deaths.”